* A fraction is written with one number “over” another number. For example, ½ and ¾ are fractions.
* The top number is called the numerator, and the bottom number is called the denominator.
* The top number “represents” the parts of something, and the bottom number represents how many parts there are in that whole thing. For example, if a candy bar has 10 total pieces of the same size, and you eat three of those pieces, you could say you ate “three tenths” of that candy bar. The “3” would be written on top, because that is how many “parts” you ate. The “10” would be written on the bottom, because that is how many pieces there are in the “whole” candy bar.
* An easy way to remember this is that fractions represent “parts of the whole” where “of” means “over” in math terms.
Now, look at this circle:
What fraction of this circle is shaded purple?